Shahed University

Investigation of the Relationship between HTLV-1 Infection and MMP-3 Gene Expression in HTLV-1 Positive Cardiac Patients

Norouzi M | Momenifar N | Tarban N | Mohammadi F | Mozayani F | Rezaee SA | Hajighasemi F | Mohammadhosayni M

Date :  2017/09/30
Publish in :    Iranian Journal of Virology

Keywords :Investigation, Relationship, HTLV, MMP, Expression, HTLV, Positive, Cardiac

Abstract :
Background and Aims: Human T-lymphotropic virus type 1 (HTLV-1) is a member of retroviridae family that causes ATL and HAM/TSP. Many inflammatory diseases are associated with this virus, such as Sjögrens syndrome, Hashimotos thyroiditis, Uveitis and also Atherosclerosis. HTLV-1 performs in long latency period and can activate the immune responses in coronary vessels. Activated immune system produces inflammatory factors such as TNF-α cytokine that can increase Matrix Metalloproteinases as a main factor in patients with coronary artery diseases (CAD). We aimed to determine the relation between this virus infection and MMP-3 expression in Atherosclerosis patients. Materials and Methods: 44 patients (13 individuals CAD+ HTLV-1+, 8 individuals CADHTLV-1+, 13 individuals CAD+ HTLV-1- and 10 individuals CAD- HTLV-1-) were selected and MMP-3 gene expression was measured by Real-time polymerase chain reaction. Results: There was no significant correlation between MMP-3 gene expression and HTLV-1 expression level in HTLV-1-positive cardiac and Atherosclerosis patients. Conclusions: Although the main risk factor in Atherosclerosis patients is MMP-3, despite our expectation, no significant correlation was observed in our statistical analysis within four examined groups (p≥0.05). This evaluation showed higher MMP-3gene expression but not significant in CAD+ HTLV-1+ group compared to CAD+ HTLV-1- group. The larger sample sizes may help to improve the outcome to reach a significant level.