Shahed University

Review of the Botanical, Phytochemical and Pharmacological Characteristics of Kelussia odoratissima Mozaff

Heshmat Omidi | K Ahmadi | H Naghdibadi | Majid Amini Dehaghi

Date :  2019/11/22
Publish in :    گياهان دارويي=Journal of Medicinal Plants

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Keywords :مروري بر خصوصيات گياهشناسي، فيتوشيميايي و فارماکولوژيکي گياه دارويي کرفس کوهي (Kelussia odoratissima Mozaff.)

Abstract :
Kelussia odoratissima Mozaff. (keluss), is an endemic medicinal herb in the central Zagros region of Iran. Due to its excessive harvesting in the early vegetation period and the relatively long time required for seed establishment and production, this plant does not have the opportunity to regenerate and produce seed and is exposed to extinction. Keluss has two groups of essential oils and flavonoids. Flavonoids are one of the important components of the plant that have anti-inflammatory, antiviral, anti-diabetes and anti-cancer effects. The most important ingredient in the essential oil of keluss is butylidene dihydrophthalide, as well as butylamine phthalide. Phthalides are found mainly in plant seeds. The main fatty acids of the plant are petroselinic acid, linoleic acid and palmitic acid. The aerial parts of the keluss have properties such as anti-inflammatory, analgesic, rheumatic treatment and blood purification in traditional medicine. Keluss has antioxidant and and tissue protection effects. In this article, the plant is reviewed from various aspects such as botanical characteristics, cultivation and production, uses in traditional medicine and clinical research.

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