Shahed University

Klotho Ameliorates Cellular Inflammation via Suppression of Cytokine Release and Upregulation of miR-29a in the PBMCs of Diagnosed Alzheimer’s Disease Patients

Mohsen Sedighi | Tourandokht Baluchnejadmojarad | Soudabeh Fallah | Nariman Moradi | Siamak Afshin-Majdd | Mehrdad Roghani

Date :  2019/09/01
Publish in :    Journal of Molecular Neuroscience
Link :
Keywords :Alzheimer’s disease . Cytokines . Klotho . Linagliptin . miRNAs

Abstract :
Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is the most common neurodegenerative disorder characterized by neural inflammation and oxidative stress. In the current study, the protective effects of klotho and linagliptin treatment on human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) of AD patients and healthy controls (HCs) are assessed through measurement of inflammatory cytokines, signaling proteins, and miRNA expression. Sixteen diagnosed AD patients and sixteen HCs were enrolled in the study. Blood samples were obtained and PBMCs were isolated. PBMCs were treated with klotho at different concentrations (0.5, 1, and 2 nM) and linagliptin (50 μM). The concentration of interleukin-1β (IL-1β), interleukin 6 (IL-6), tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α), epsilon isoform of protein kinase C (PKCε), phosphorylated cyclic AMP response element binding (pCREB), and Wnt1 were measured by ELISA. The expression of miR-29a and miR-195 was detected by real-time PCR. The results showed that klotho significantly reduced IL-1β, IL-6, and TNF-α levels in both groups of the experiment. Linagliptin also remarkably reduced TNF-α levels in the AD group. Moreover, klotho caused the downregulation of Wnt1 in the PBMCs of both groups and the upregulation of the pCREB in HCs. Meanwhile, klotho induced miR-29a expression in the PBMCs of HCs, while miR-29a expression was induced in the AD group by klotho and linagliptin. The current findings revealed that klotho alleviates inflammation in human PBMCs, probably through the suppression of inflammatory cytokines and the upregulation of miR-29a, and part of its beneficial effect is mediated through appropriate modulation of the Wnt1/pCREB signaling cascade. In addition, linagliptin exerts protective effects by reducing TNF-α and inducing miR-29a expression in PBMCs.