Shahed University

Evaluation of the curve of spee, curve of wilson and monson’s sphere in Iranian adults

Maryam Azimi Zavaree | sayed shojaedin Shayehg | Farnaz Taghavi Damghani | Farnoosh Taghavi Damghani | Seyed Mohammad Reza Hakimaneh | Mahdie Chavoshzadeh Natanzi | Mehran Torabi

Date :  2019/09/15
Publish in :    Journal of Craniomaxillofacial Research

Keywords :Occlusal plane; Monson’s sphere; Curve of spee; Curve of wilson; 3-dimensional digitizer; Iranian adults.

Abstract :
Purpose: One of the required information in rehabilitating the occlusal plane in dentistry is the radius of Monson’s sphere, which like other anatomical indices varies in different races. The purpose of this study was to determine the radius of the Monson’s sphere in a group of Iranian. Materials and Methods: 45 Iranian subjects (19 males & 26 females) aged from 18 to 25 were selected for this study. The x,y,z coordinates of cusp tips of all mandibular teeth except for the third molars obtained with a 3-dimensional digitizer, were used to derive a spherical model of the occlusal surfaces’ curvature. From the best interpolating sphere, the radii of the Monson’s sphere was computed. Results: Although all of the computed variables were greater in men, the occlusal curvature of mandibular arch was not influenced by gender. The mean radius of the Monson’s sphere was 111.5mm (121mm in men and 104mm in women which was closer to the classic value of 4 inch confirming Monson’s observations), Conclusion: The average radius of the Monson’s sphere in this study was greater than the classic 4 inch value proposed by Monson and this result may suggest racial differences in the normal dental arch form that is important in occlusal rehabilitation. Although more researches are necessary in future to improve treatment results