Shahed University

Molecular dynamics study of the human beta-defensins 2 and 3 chimeric pentides with the cell membrane model of pseudomonas aeruginosa

Iraj Rasooli | Parviz Owlia | khosro khajeh | Mohammad davoud ghafari | Bahareh dabirmanesh

Date :  2020/01/01
Publish in :    International Journal of Peptide Research and Therapeutics

Keywords :Keywords Pseudomonas aeruginosa · Antibacterial activity · Molecular dynamics simulation · Human beta-defensins · Chimeric peptides

Abstract :
Abstract Pseudomonas aeruginosa is a unique microorganism among the antibiotic-resistant microbial pathogens. Among the various therapeutic approaches, antimicrobial peptides are effective to combat this infection. The chimera C3 is a peptide derived from the human beta-defensins 2 and 3 that has previously displayed antibacterial activity against the Gram-negative and Gram-positive bacteria. In this research, the antibacterial activity and the effect of a new genetically designed chimera C3 (i.e. chimera C3-3) on the bacterial membrane was assessed by molecular dynamics (MD) simulation. To investigate the interactions of the peptide with the lipid bilayer model and their effects on each other, the characterizations e.g. Area Per Lipid (APL), density, deuterium order parameter, membrane thickness, Mean Square Displacement (MSD), Radial Distribution Function (RDF), hydrogen bonds (H-bond), root-mean-square-fluctuation (RMSF), bending modulus ( KC) and free energy (ΔG) were compared between C3 and C3-3 peptides. Furthermore, the MD simulation of the pure membrane was also carried out. Finally, the comparison of the antibacterial effects showed that chimera C3-3 had the less antibacterial effect than the chimera C3 due to the N-terminal deletion of GII residues. Moreover, the results confirmed that the GII residue