Shahed University

The Effect of a 5A-Based Self-Management Program on Empowering the Elderly with Diabetes

Nahid Rejeh | Majideh Heravi-Karimooi | Maedeh Sadeghigolafshanl | Seyed Davood Tadrisi

Date :  2021/01/30
Publish in :    پژوهش توانبخشي در پرستاري

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Keywords :,Model-Based SelfManagement 5A ,Empowerment ,Elderly Diabetes Diseases,

Abstract :
Abstract Introduction: Diabetes is one of the most common health problems in healthy people. One of the essential care strategies based on 5A self-management is to increase the potential of chronic patients. Therefore, this study was conducted in 2019s to impact the programs self-management based on the 5A on empowering salamanders with diabetes in the Clinic of Razi Hospital in Qaemshahr city. Methods: This semi-experimental experimental study was performed on 90 older adults with diabetes by simple random sampling in two test and control groups. In the test group, 12 sessions of 30-40 minutes of training were performed based on the 5A self-management. The instrument of this study is the Patient Empowerment Questionnaire. Results: The independent t-test did not show a significant difference between the two groups of test and control before the intervention (P 0.93), but after the intervention, it showed a significant difference (P 0.03). The ANOVA test showed a significant difference after eliminating the pre-test effect (P 0.032 and Eta = 0.01) so that 10 of the post-test changes are due to the self-management. Conclusions: According to the results of this study, it can be said that the implementation of the 5A self-management model is one of the most important appropriate approaches to reduce the costs of treatment and care for the elderly with diabetes and improve their empowerment

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