Shahed University

In vitro callus induction and multiple shoot regeneration in rare Iranian endemic plant Haplophyllum virgatum var. virgatum

Farah Karimi | Khadijeh Razavi

Date :  2021/09/01
Publish in :    فرايند و کارکرد گياهي=Journal of Plant Process and Function

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Keywords :callus culture, Haplophyllum virgatum, organ culture, root regeneration, shoot regeneration

Abstract :
Haplophyllum virgatum var virgatum (Rutaceae) is a rare or narrow endemic plant, which grows only in one habitat (Geno-Hormozgan Province-Iran). Low distribution of this useful medicinal plant encouraged us to investigate about the micropropagation conditions of the plant. In the present study an efficient and reproducible protocol for multiple shoot induction of Haplophyllum virgatum var. virgatum was developed. Various explants (stem, leaf and root) were obtained from 40 days old axenic seedlings and cultured on B5 medium supplemented with different concentrations of plant growth regulators (Kin, BA, NAA and IAA) to determine the suitable explants and media composition for callus production. BA and Kin used for multiple shoot induction. Stem explants showed the best results in both callus induction and shoot regeneration. Combination of 0.1 mg L-1 Kin and 5 mg L-1 IAA produced the maximum callus fresh weight. BA at concentration of 2 mg L-1 was the best treatment for shoot induction and regeneration. Embryogenic callus was also observed and the stages of globular and heart embryos were seen on callus culture in B5 medium supplemented with Kin (0.2mg L-1) + IAA (1mg L-1). In conclusion, stem explants and 2 mg L-1 BA regenerated maximum number of shoots.

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