Shahed University

Lyapunov exponent and bifurcation characteristics in synchronous machines with an internal fault

Seyed Mohammad Shariatmadar | Jalal Nazarzadeh | Mehrdad Abedi

Date :  2013/04/01
Publish in :    IEEJ Transactions on Electrical and Electronic Engineering
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Keywords :Lyapunov, Synchronous, Machines

Abstract :
In this paper, first, turn‐to‐turn fault in a synchronous machine stator winding is investigated, and its inductances are derived with the winding function method. Then, using the nonlinear control theory, the first‐order Poincaré map of the synchronous machine is computed, and a new extended Poincaré map of the machine is established. Also, the characteristic multipliers of the synchronous machine are calculated by the Poincaré map. This new map is capable of analyzing electrical machines in the nonlinear and unbalanced cases for evaluation of stability, bifurcation, and chaos phenomena. The results show that the new map is an effective technique for modeling and analyzing any AC electrical machines. The characteristic multipliers and the Lyapunov exponents of the extended map indicate the system's condition. Chaotic phenomena are observed in some machines with internal faults. Since chaotic systems have a continuous spectrum and various kinds of frequencies in their spectrum, identification of the internal fault location is not easy with harmonic analyses such as Fourier spectrum method on the excitation current in synchronous machines. © 2013 Institute of Electrical Engineers of Japan. Published by John Wiley & Sons, Inc.